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Glossary

Glossary definitions are confined to the specific usage involved in this site
 
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ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder
Amphibian Reflex– a Postural Reflex developing after birth
ASD – Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR)– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
ATNR – Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex
Auditory learner– acquires information most efficiently visually
Babinski Reflex– a Transitional Reflex developing after birth
Bed rest– if prolonged more than three days, can deprive the developing  embryo, fetus of needed vestibular stimulation from movement
Bilirubin– a bile pigment derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin
Binocular–coordinated use of both eyes
Central nervous system (CNS)– comprised of the brain and spinal cord
Cerebral edema – swelling of the brain
Class clown– using humor to divert attention from academic deficiencies
CNS – Central Nervous System
Compromised CNS– reduced, impaired function of Central Nervous System
Diffuse subtle damage– generalized, difficult to recognize injury, as opposed to localized, where only a limited or specific area is affected
Diffuse trauma– causing generalized injury, as opposed to localized, where only a limited or specific area is affected
Embryo Phase (of treatment) – remedial program involves embryo movements
Encephalitis– inflammation of the brain
Executive function–cognitiveskills required for the planning, initiation, and regulation of complex goal-directed behavior.
Fetal Phase (of treatment)– remedial program replicates fetal movements
Function– the normal action of an organ or system
GDT - Gilles de la Tourette’s' disease
GI – gastrointestinal
Gifted– exceptionally talented, high IQ
Gluten– a protein from cereal grains that provokes an allergic response in certain individuals
Homework– academic assignments to be done outside of school hours
HR-L – Head Righting Reflex – Labyrinthine, Eyes Closed
HR-O– Head Righting Reflex – Ocular, Eyes Open
Hyper, Hypo-sensitive– abnormal over-, or under-, sensitivity of the senses
Immune– related to the immune system
In utero – in the uterus, prior to birth
IQ – Intelligence Quotient
Jaundice– yellow skin coloration from the accumulation of bilirubin, a bile pigment, in the blood
Kinesthetic– involving muscle movements
Kinesthetic learner– retains information most efficiently when muscle movement is involved
Landau Reflex– a Transitional Reflex developing after birth
LD– Learning Disability, Disorder
LTM – Long Term Memory
Meningitis– inflammation of membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
Moro Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
NDD– Neuro-Developmental Delay
NDR– Neuro-Developmental Remediation
Newborn phase (of treatment)– remedial program of newborn movements
NICU– Newborn Intensive Care Unit
Nonverbal disorder– inability to accurately perceive and process nonverbal components of communication, i.e. facial expression, voice inflection
OCD– Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Oculomotor– pertaining to movements of the eyes
OT – Occupational Therapy
Palmar Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
Plantar Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
Postural reflexes– develop following birth
Primitive reflexes– develop prior to birth, should be inhibited by age 1
Psychosomatic disorder– involving a physical and subconscious origin
PT – Physical Therapy
PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Reading for pleasure– unrequired, spontaneous reading, other than academic  assignments
Rooting Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
SAD- Seasonal Affective Disorder
Schilder’s Test– for the presence of the ATNR
School phobia– anxiety, fear, stomachache in anticipation of attending school
Segmental Rolling Reflex – Hips– a Postural Reflex developed after birth
Segmental Rolling Reflex – Shoulders– a Postural Reflex developed after  birth
SI– Sensory Integration
Spatial concepts– concepts having a spatial component, i.e. beside, above, less than
Spinal Galant Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
STM– Short Term Memory
STNR– Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex
Suck Reflex– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (STNR)– a Transitional Reflex developing after birth
Symptom override– ability to reduce or eliminate physical responses, i.e. “I decided it wasn’t logical to have motion sickness, so I stopped having it.”.
Time concepts– comprehension of, and ability to estimate, time intervals
TLR– Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex
Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex (TLR)– a Primitive Reflex present at birth
Transformed Tonic Neck Reflex (TTNR)– a Postural Reflex developed after birth
Transitional reflexes– present for a limited time during 1-2 years after birth
TTNR- Transformed Tonic Neck Reflex
Vertigo- dizziness
Visual learner– acquires information most  efficiently visually
Visual processing– the assimilation and comprehension of visual information
Whooping cough (pertussis)– an infectious childhood disease causing violent coughing, which can lead to swelling of the brain (cerebral edema)
Written expression– ability to express in writing