What & Who does it Affect?

what whoCommonly affected areas of function

  • Academic
  1. Under-achievement, “Not working up to potential”
  2. Learning disabilities; needs special accommodations
  3. Reading comprehension disorders; resists reading
  4. Problematic handwriting and written expression
  5. Unexplainable scatter in standardized testing scores
  6. “Gifted” in elementary, deterioration in higher grades
  7. Studies more than peers to maintain similar grades
  8. College grades reduced below high school level grades
  • Emotions and behavior
  1. “Meltdowns”, easily overwhelmed by disorder
  2. School phobias; anxiety, GI complaints before school
  3. Persistent avoidance, diversion, delay with homework
  4. Headaches, migraines from prolonged reading, study
  5. Emotional problems following academic deterioration
  • Socializing, interpersonal, communication
  1. Misinterprets facial expressions, social cues
  2. Poor sense of social conventions, personal space
  3. Reduced, avoids socializing as grades deteriorate
  4. Uses socializing to avoid academic responsibilities
  5. Increased sibling conflicts as grades drop
  6. Keeps high achieving peer group even with lower grades
  7. Problems with speech, word retrieval, higher with fatigue
  • Physical manifestations
  1. Unusual fatigue, only after school days
  2. Headaches, fatigue from any extended reading
  3. Migraines, only during school week or year
  4. Attention disturbance not corrected with medication
  5. Sleep problems on school nights, not weekends
  6. Immune – frequent infections, connected with stress

Male vs. Female Patterns in NDD    

  • Males Predominate
  1. Preschool through college
  2. Symptoms – academic, learning, reading
  • Females Predominate
  1. Late teens through thirty
  2. Symptoms – anxiety, panic disorders
  • Males = Females – age 30+, mixed symptoms